Projectos Ambientais


At the first global gathering of Indigenous Peoples on climate change, participants were outraged at the intensifying rate of destruction the climate crisis is having on the Earth and all peoples.

Participants reaffirmed that Indigenous Peoples are most impacted by climate change and called for support and funding for Indigenous Peoples to create adaptation and mitigation plans for themselves, based on their own Traditional Knowledge and practices. Indigenous Peoples also took a strong position on emission reduction targets of industrialized countries and against false solutions.

The majority of those attending looked towards addressing the root problem – the burning of fossil fuels – and demanded an immediate moratorium on new fossil fuel development and called for a swift and just transition away from fossil fuels.

“While the arctic is melting, Africa is suffering from drought and many Pacific Islands are in danger of disappearing.  Indigenous Peoples are locked out of national and international negotiations,” stated Jihan Gearon, Native energy and climate campaigner of the Indigenous Environmental Network. “We’re sending a strong message to the next UN Framework Convention on Climate Change this December in Copenhagen, Denmark that business as usual must end, because business as usual is killing us.  Participants at the summit stood united on sending a message to the world leaders in Copenhagen calling for a binding emission reduction target for developed countries of at least 45% below 1990 levels by 2020 and at least 95% by 2050.”

“In Alaska, my people are on the front lines of climate change and are devastated by the fossil fuel industry,” related Faith Gemmill, Executive Director of Resisting Environmental Destruction on Indigenous Lands (REDOIL).  “Alaska natives network and we are fighting back.  We recently won a major battle last week as the District Court of Columbia threw out a plan to access 83 million acres of the Outer Continental Shelf that was driven by Shell Oil. Shell has a long history of human rights violations, for which many have suffered and died, like Ken Saro-Wiwa of the Ogoni People in the Niger Delta of Africa.”

Tom Goldtooth, Indigenous Environmental Network’s Executive Director, commented, “We want real solutions to climate chaos and not the false solutions like forest carbon offsets and other market based mechanisms that will benefit only those who are making money on those outrageous schemes ”  He added, “For example one the solutions to mitigate climate change is an initiative by the World Bank to protect forests in developing countries through a carbon market regime called Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation or REDD.”  He concluded, “Don’t be fooled, REDD does nothing to address the underlying drivers of deforestation.”

At a World Bank presentation at the global summit, Egberto Tabo, General Secretary of COICA, the Coordinating Body of Indigenous Organizations in the Amazon Basin denounced “the genocide caused by the World Bank in the Amazon.” Mr. Tabo also categorically rejected the inclusion of forests in the carbon market and the Bank’s funding of REDD. The World Bank’s representative, Navin Rai admitted that “the Bank has made mistakes in the past..We know that there were problems with projects like the trans-amazon highway.” But REDD, he argued would not be more of the same. However, indigenous leaders at the global summit were unconvinced by his assurances and the Work Bank presentation ended with a Western Shoshone women’s passionate appeal to the Bank to stop funding projects that endanger the survival of indigenous peoples.
Source: Global Justice Ecology
Published Monday, 27 April, 2009 – 13:19

Assine contra a MP que acabará com as florestas
A Câmara dos Deputados aprovou na semana passada uma medida feita sob encomenda para acelerar as obras de infra-estrutura previstas no PAC (Plano de Aceleração do Crescimento), capitaneado pela ministra-chefe da Casa Civil, Dilma Rousseff.

Em um ato de oportunismo político, o deputado petista José Guimarães (CE) “enxertou” na Medida Provisória (MP) 452 uma emenda que dispensa de licenciamento ambiental prévio as obras em rodovias brasileiras. Originalmente, a MP 452 tinha como propósito modificar a lei que cria o Fundo Soberano do Brasil (FSB). Como se não bastasse, a emenda estabelece ainda prazo máximo de 60 dias para a concessão da licença de instalação. Ao final desse prazo, a licença será automática.

A destruição da Amazônia não provoca apenas perda acelerada da biodiversidade e impactos no modo de vida da população local. O desmatamento é também a principal fonte de emissões de gases do efeito estufa no Brasil, colocando o país na posição de quarto maior poluidor do clima global.

Várias iniciativas como essa e o Projeto Floresta Zero, em tramitação no Congresso Nacional, colocam em xeque as metas de redução de desmatamento assumidas internacionalmente pelo governo brasileiro no Plano Nacional de Mudanças Climáticas. A MP 458 segue agora para o Senado e, se aprovada, pode causar danos sem precedentes ao meio ambiente, em particular à Amazônia e ao clima global.

O futuro da floresta – e das futuras gerações – depende das escolhas que fazemos hoje. Diga aos senadores que você é contra a aprovação desta emenda e a favor do desmatamento zero.
Zerar o desmatamento é a principal contribuição do Brasil na luta contra as mudanças climáticas.

Clique aqui e participe!

Seu gesto vai fazer a diferença!

Today we’re congratulating one of the world’s best photographers Daniel Beltrá, who has often worked with us on forest and climate campaigns. He has just won the new Prince’s Rainforests Project Award at the prestigious Sony World Photography Awards. Most of Daniel’s pictures in the competition were taken while he was working on our campaigns in the Amazon and Indonesian rainforests.

In a video message at the awards night, in Cannes, France – HRH The Prince of Wales, said:

“Photographic imagery can tell a compelling story about the truth of the situation and, the truth is, if we lose the fight against tropical deforestation, then we lose the fight against climate change.”

Daniel, a Spanish photographer now based in Seattle, beat off stiff competition from some of the world’s finest environmental photographers. Upon receiving the award he said:

“This award is a great honor and I am thankful to the Prince’s Rainforest Project, Greenpeace and the Indigenous people whose help was invaluable. The greatest reward however would be if the photos alerted world leaders to the urgent need for forest protection. Rainforest’s are being destroyed at an incredible rate and under horrible circumstances. This is a catastrophe, not only for those who call the forests home, but for the rest of civilization, which stands to lose both a natural wonder and a natural protection against dangerous climate change. It is imperative that heads of state meeting this December at the Copenhagen Climate Summit, understand the urgency of the situation; I hope my photos can help.”

As the winner of this award Daniel will receive funding to photograph the rainforests of the world, and the impacts of deforestation. The resulting images will be exhibited globally, and will form part of a book highlighting the plight of the world’s rainforests. We wish Daniel all the best of luck with this project and look forward to seeing more of his outstanding images!

* via Greenpeace

A principal empresa de investigação agropecuária do Brasil, Embrapa, informou hoje que pretende garantir a preservação de sementes específicas brasileiras (autóctones) no depósito de sementes mundiais, inaugurado terça-feira na Noruega.

    O também designado “Banco Mundial de Sementes”, situado dentro de uma montanha gelada, no arquipélago norueguês de Svalbard, no Árctico, foi criado para proteger milhões de sementes alimentares afim de preservar a diversidade vegetal mundial, ameaçada pelas catástrofes naturais, guerras e as alterações climáticas.

    Descrita também pelos seus arquitectos como a “Caixa Forte do Dia do Juízo Final”, esta “Arca de Noé Vegetal” tem capacidade de fornecer 4,5 milhões de sementes e proteger as mesmas de catástrofes naturais e artificiais. Foi construída para resistir a um terramoto ou um ataque nuclear.

    A empresa estatal brasileira de pesquisa agropecuária Embrapa, em conjunto com o Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento, informou num comunicado que o objectivo é duplicar as sementes de quase 400 espécies, que serão acumuladas em câmaras para depois enviar para o banco global de sementes de Svalbard.

    O director geral da Embrapa, José Manuel Cabral, assegurou que a empresa recebeu no ano passado um convite de Noruega para participar no depósito global.

    Após o convite da Noruega, a Embrapa irá depositar uma cópia das sementes autóctones dado que este banco é o “mais seguro em termos físicos e ambientais”.

    Além do mais, este depósito oferece uma nova “garantia de segurança para que as espécies não sejam extintas”, adiantou Cabral.

    A Embrapa adiantou que, no momento, está analisar a possibilidade de mudar para o banco norueguês não só as espécies autóctones, mas também outras que se adaptaram ao clima brasileiro e que constituem a base da alimentação neste país.

    A empresa, considerada a principal no Mundo na área da investigação em agricultura tropical, encontra-se ainda a analisar as condições legais do contrato com a Noruega, bem como a própria legislação brasileira.

    Este projecto está englobado no fundo para a Confiança de Diversidade de Colheita Global, fundado pela ONU para a Alimentação e Agricultura da Organização e Biodiversidade Internacional.

    Cada cofre do banco norueguês tem capacidade para 1,5 milhões de pacotes de todo o tipo de sementes.

Fonte: LUSA
Caros amigos(as) brasileiros(as),

Chegou a hora da comunidade brasileira demonstrar sua força. Essa quinta-feira o representante especial das mudanças climáticas do Itamaraty, o Embaixador Sérgio Serra, irá oficialmente receber nossa petição de mais de 375.000 nomes de todos os cantos do planeta.

Depois de uma semana emocionante no encontro do G8+5 na Alemanha, onde marcamos uma forte presença contra o aquecimento global, a entrega oficial da petição em Brasília fecha esse ciclo com chave de ouro. O governo brasileiro está formalmente reconhecendo a importância da nossa petição – a maior do mundo contra o aquecimento global – e com muito orgulho vamos levá-la até Brasília.

Nos ajude a conseguir ainda mais nomes brasileiros! Encaminhe esse email para seus amigos e peça para eles assinarem também a petição, basta clicar no link abaixo:

http://www.avaaz.org/po/climate_summit/

Justamente na semana que antecedeu o G8+5, Bush anunciou que não aceitaria a proposta da Alemanha contra o aquecimento global – a reação foi clara – nossa petição cresceu de 165.000 assinaturas para 375.000. Esse incrível crescimento foi justamente o que precisavamos – o principal negociador do governo da Alemanha para o G8 concordou em se reunir conosco se comprometendo a levar nossa mensagem para as reuniões de alto escalão do encontro. Ao final da semana saiu a decisão do G8+5: lançar ainda esse ano as negociações por um novo tratado climático, demanda pela qual viemos lutando desde fevereiro.

Não podemos saber exatamente que impacto tivemos, mas sabemos que fomos ouvidos. Agora chegou a hora de levar nossas vozes para o Itamaraty. O governo brasileiro tem uma influência importante sobre as políticas internacionais, por isso precisamos mostrar para eles que os brasileiros querem atitudes concretas contra o aquecimento global.

Assine a petição: http://www.avaaz.org/po/climate_summit/

Os governos, um após a outro, estão reconhecendo a preocupação do mundo com o clima. Uma petição global, de todos as nações, mostra que o mundo nunca esteve tão unido por uma causa tão importante.

Faça parte dessa campanha e desse movimento, assine a petição, encaminhe para seus amigos e se inscreva para receber nossos alertas:

http://www.avaaz.org/po/climate_summit

Com esperança,

Ben, Graziela, Ricken, Paul, Galit, Iain, Lee-Sean, Ji Mi, Janet, Hannah, Milena, Dmitry, Tom – a equipe da Avaaz

P.S. – Se você está perto de Brasilia e quer participar da entrega da petição enviee um email para – portugues@avaaz.org


 


First, thanks for all your efforts to give indigenous leaders the opportunity to voice their opposition to petroleum development in the Amazon at the Houston Petroleum Club. The trip was quite successful. National and international allies staged an important protest outside the venue, while the vice president of AIDESEP (the Inter-ethnic Development Association of the Peruvian Amazon), Robert Guimaraes, took the opportunity to speak to potential investors and let them know the risks of investing in oil development in the Amazon.

Unfortunately, two of the three Shipibo delegates were not able to make the trip because their visas were denied by the US government. In many respects, this symbolizes the obstacles that indigenous people face in participating in global dialogue that are crucial in exercising the right to determine their own “development” path.



The good news is that Robert Guimaraes was able to deliver a powerful message to potential investors and to Perupetro, Peru’s hydrocarbon licensing agency. Quoting Robert Guimaraes, “We request that you exclude those blocks that overlap communal indigenous territories. More that 80% of the population in Corrientes river, mostly children, have cadmium and lead in their blood. Just as for you there are things that cannot be negotiated, for us some things, like indigenous land, cannot be negotiated.” The cadmium and lead that Robert refers to is the result of over 30 years of Oxy Petroleum operations in Northern Perú, where the Achuar people have been severely affected.



The Peruvian government’s latest efforts to place the Amazon region in the hands of oil developers puts the entire Amazon at risk, especially indigenous people in voluntary isolation, and clearly violates international rights benchmarks such as Free, Prior and Informed Consent, contained in the recently approved UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (of which Peru is a signatory). It is precisely the Peruvian government’s rather shameful attempt to manipulate, distort, and even suppress indigenous opposition to oil development that makes it so important to support indigenous leaders efforts to make their voices heard at international venues such as Perúpetro’s Houston road-show. Otherwise, potential investors not only get a distorted view of indigenous opinion, but local indigenous people are excluded the global decision-making process that directly affect their lives.



Given that two of the delegates weren’t able to come to Houston, we would like to continue with our efforts to support these types of crucial interventions. Perupetro is planning another event in August, again designed to divvy up the Amazon for even more oil development. With your continued support, we would like to help these delegates make their presence at this event as well. And hopefully the impact will be even greater.



The Village Earth Team
Kristina Pearson <kristina@villageearth.org>

Indigenous Leaders Speak Out

Indigenous LeadersThe Peruvian government, recently, has been involved in an intense campaign to exploit oil and gas resources in the Peruvian Amazon: as of 2007, more than 70% of the Amazon region has been marked for oil and gas development. This number has increased drastically, given that in 2004 only 13% of the area was in the hands of oil and gas companies. Given the ugly history of oil development in the region, indigenous people who make their home in the Amazon are extremely worried about the potential environmental, social, economic, and cultural consequences of such a massive influx of oil and gas exploitation. Moreover, the imposition of oil and gas development in the region without indigenous consent represents a violation of indigenous rights (national and international) to determine their own development path (e.g. ILO 169).

Given the power of the Peruvian state and transnational oil companies to control and manipulate the process of oil development (this means marketing, selling, and facilitating oil exploration, exploitation, and production), AIDESEP (the Interethnic Development Association for the Peruvian Jungle) and FECONAU (Federation of Native Communities from the Ucayali Region of the Amazon) have asked for our assistance in making indigenous voices (protest) heard at the highest levels. On February 8th, 2008, in Houston, TX, Perupetro is sponsoring an event that is primarily designed to convince potential investors of the benefits of oil development in Peru. Contrary to Peruvian State’s pro-development discourse, leaders of AIDESEP and FECONAU want to manifest their opposition to oil and gas development in Peru and to firmly reject the entrance of petroleum companies on their communal territories. This decision was made on the 22nd of January in a FECONAU conference, with the presence of 120 indigenous leaders, where three (3) delegates were elected unanimously to send a message of protest at the Houston meeting.

What they are asking for:

One plane ticket from Lima to Houston.
Logistical support for food and hotel for a contingency of 4 people.
Transportation (car rental).

WE NEED YOUR HELP!
As you know, Village Earth has been in alliance with Shipibo leaders and indigenous organizations in the Amazon working for their rights to self-determination for over three years now. They are relying on us and our network of supporters to let their voice be heard. This is a seminal moment in protecting both the Amazon rainforest and indigenous livelihoods – WE HAVE TO ACT FAST and WE NEED YOUR SUPPORT!
Contact:
Village Earth
970-491-5754
by kristina@villageearth.org

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