Meio Ambiente


At the first global gathering of Indigenous Peoples on climate change, participants were outraged at the intensifying rate of destruction the climate crisis is having on the Earth and all peoples.

Participants reaffirmed that Indigenous Peoples are most impacted by climate change and called for support and funding for Indigenous Peoples to create adaptation and mitigation plans for themselves, based on their own Traditional Knowledge and practices. Indigenous Peoples also took a strong position on emission reduction targets of industrialized countries and against false solutions.

The majority of those attending looked towards addressing the root problem – the burning of fossil fuels – and demanded an immediate moratorium on new fossil fuel development and called for a swift and just transition away from fossil fuels.

“While the arctic is melting, Africa is suffering from drought and many Pacific Islands are in danger of disappearing.  Indigenous Peoples are locked out of national and international negotiations,” stated Jihan Gearon, Native energy and climate campaigner of the Indigenous Environmental Network. “We’re sending a strong message to the next UN Framework Convention on Climate Change this December in Copenhagen, Denmark that business as usual must end, because business as usual is killing us.  Participants at the summit stood united on sending a message to the world leaders in Copenhagen calling for a binding emission reduction target for developed countries of at least 45% below 1990 levels by 2020 and at least 95% by 2050.”

“In Alaska, my people are on the front lines of climate change and are devastated by the fossil fuel industry,” related Faith Gemmill, Executive Director of Resisting Environmental Destruction on Indigenous Lands (REDOIL).  “Alaska natives network and we are fighting back.  We recently won a major battle last week as the District Court of Columbia threw out a plan to access 83 million acres of the Outer Continental Shelf that was driven by Shell Oil. Shell has a long history of human rights violations, for which many have suffered and died, like Ken Saro-Wiwa of the Ogoni People in the Niger Delta of Africa.”

Tom Goldtooth, Indigenous Environmental Network’s Executive Director, commented, “We want real solutions to climate chaos and not the false solutions like forest carbon offsets and other market based mechanisms that will benefit only those who are making money on those outrageous schemes ”  He added, “For example one the solutions to mitigate climate change is an initiative by the World Bank to protect forests in developing countries through a carbon market regime called Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation or REDD.”  He concluded, “Don’t be fooled, REDD does nothing to address the underlying drivers of deforestation.”

At a World Bank presentation at the global summit, Egberto Tabo, General Secretary of COICA, the Coordinating Body of Indigenous Organizations in the Amazon Basin denounced “the genocide caused by the World Bank in the Amazon.” Mr. Tabo also categorically rejected the inclusion of forests in the carbon market and the Bank’s funding of REDD. The World Bank’s representative, Navin Rai admitted that “the Bank has made mistakes in the past..We know that there were problems with projects like the trans-amazon highway.” But REDD, he argued would not be more of the same. However, indigenous leaders at the global summit were unconvinced by his assurances and the Work Bank presentation ended with a Western Shoshone women’s passionate appeal to the Bank to stop funding projects that endanger the survival of indigenous peoples.
Source: Global Justice Ecology
Published Monday, 27 April, 2009 – 13:19

Chuvas na Amazônia devem aumentar nos próximos meses

JB Online – Rio de Janeiro,RJ,Brazil
MANAUS – As chuvas que atingem a região Norte nos últimos dias e que já deixaram milhares de desabrigados devem se agravar até junho, mês de maior alta do

Governo alerta para risco de enchentes na Amazônia
Zero Hora – Porto Alegre,RS,Brazil
Agora a principal preocupação das autoridades é com o município de Manaus. A Agência Nacional de Águas já soltou o alerta: em dois dias, um dos principais

amazon1.jpg

Today the soya trading companies operating in Brazil – this includes giants such as Cargill, Bunge, ADM, Dreyfuss, Amaggi and others – will announce that the monitoring of the current soya crop (2008-2009) found soya planted where it shouldn’t be: in areas deforested in the Amazon after July 2006. This is the date when the soya industry announced a moratorium for buying soya coming from newly deforested areas in the Amazon – a direct result of a strong campaign led by Greenpeace and soya European consumers, including McDonalds and its allies.

The good news is that the volume of soya resulting in deforestation is pretty small and traders will finally enforce their promises of not buying soya from farmers who disrespected the moratorium. Additionally, traders will cut credits of these farmers or others who challenge the moratorium – the soya traders fund large part of the Brazilian soya production.

Last year, the monitoring found new deforestation in the surroundings of traditional soya farms but didn’t find soya planted in those areas (only rice which is not part of the moratorium). It has been pretty easy and comfortable for traders to claim that they are respecting an agreement which was not welcomed by farmers – in fact, it was imposed to them. Now, we are happy to see the trading companies making good on their promises to protect the world’s largest tropical rainforest!

This decision of the traders shows that companies can really play a fundamental role in fighting deforestation and join the global effort to stop climate change.

cheers,
paulo

Apenas quatro por cento dos oceanos permanecem virgens em relação à actividade humana, segundo especialistas norte-americanos, que consideram que a pressão do homem nos ecossistemas marinhos tem sido subestimada.

Biólogos e oceanógrafos estabeleceram pela primeira vez um atlas planetário do impacto de 17 diferentes aspectos da actividade do homem nos oceanos, como a pesca, a poluição ou as alterações climáticas.

Os recifes de corais, o plâncton e os fundos oceânicos são alguns dos aspectos da vida marinha que têm sido afectados.

Mais de 40 por cento dos oceanos foram fortemente afectados pelas actividades humanas e poucas áreas marinhas permanecem virgens.

As zonas mais afectadas são o Mar do Norte, o Sul e Sudeste do Mar da China, baía das Caraíbas, a costa este da América do Norte, o Mediterrâneo, Mar Vermelho, o Golfo Pérsico, o Mar de Bering e várias regiões ocidentais do Pacífico.

Os ecossistemas oceânicos mais preservados situam-se globalmente nas regiões polares.

«Mas estes santuários estão ameaçados de uma degradação rápida devido ao desaparecimento da calote glaciar, em resultado do aquecimento global», segundo um dos investigadores do projecto.

Para os responsáveis pela investigação, este projecto permite «finalmente começar a conhecer a forma como os homens têm afectado os oceanos».

«Os resultados revelam um impacto global mais nefasto do que o que imaginávamos e foi surpreendente», comentou Ben Halpern, investigador da Universidade da Califórnia, principal autor do estudo, citado pela agência France Press.


 


First, thanks for all your efforts to give indigenous leaders the opportunity to voice their opposition to petroleum development in the Amazon at the Houston Petroleum Club. The trip was quite successful. National and international allies staged an important protest outside the venue, while the vice president of AIDESEP (the Inter-ethnic Development Association of the Peruvian Amazon), Robert Guimaraes, took the opportunity to speak to potential investors and let them know the risks of investing in oil development in the Amazon.

Unfortunately, two of the three Shipibo delegates were not able to make the trip because their visas were denied by the US government. In many respects, this symbolizes the obstacles that indigenous people face in participating in global dialogue that are crucial in exercising the right to determine their own “development” path.



The good news is that Robert Guimaraes was able to deliver a powerful message to potential investors and to Perupetro, Peru’s hydrocarbon licensing agency. Quoting Robert Guimaraes, “We request that you exclude those blocks that overlap communal indigenous territories. More that 80% of the population in Corrientes river, mostly children, have cadmium and lead in their blood. Just as for you there are things that cannot be negotiated, for us some things, like indigenous land, cannot be negotiated.” The cadmium and lead that Robert refers to is the result of over 30 years of Oxy Petroleum operations in Northern Perú, where the Achuar people have been severely affected.



The Peruvian government’s latest efforts to place the Amazon region in the hands of oil developers puts the entire Amazon at risk, especially indigenous people in voluntary isolation, and clearly violates international rights benchmarks such as Free, Prior and Informed Consent, contained in the recently approved UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (of which Peru is a signatory). It is precisely the Peruvian government’s rather shameful attempt to manipulate, distort, and even suppress indigenous opposition to oil development that makes it so important to support indigenous leaders efforts to make their voices heard at international venues such as Perúpetro’s Houston road-show. Otherwise, potential investors not only get a distorted view of indigenous opinion, but local indigenous people are excluded the global decision-making process that directly affect their lives.



Given that two of the delegates weren’t able to come to Houston, we would like to continue with our efforts to support these types of crucial interventions. Perupetro is planning another event in August, again designed to divvy up the Amazon for even more oil development. With your continued support, we would like to help these delegates make their presence at this event as well. And hopefully the impact will be even greater.



The Village Earth Team
Kristina Pearson <kristina@villageearth.org>

Ciclo de Conferências em Direito Transnacional 

Dias 22 e 24 de Janeiro, 18Horas

 

Faculdade de Direito – Escola de Lisboa

Universidade Católica Portuguesa

 

A Faculdade de Direito – Escola de Lisboa, da Universidade Católica Portuguesa (FD| Católica) organiza um Ciclo de Conferências dedicados ao tema do Direito Transnacional, que conta com a participação de convidados de renome internacional. A entrada nestas conferências é livre.

 

Dia 22 de Janeiro às 18horas, Daniel A. Farber, Director do Programa de Direito Ambiental na University of Califórnia, Berkeley e Professor no Mestrado Global Legal Studies leccionado pela FD| Católica será o orador da  conferência sobre “Global Warming and American Environmental Law and Policy” a ter lugar na Sala Expansão Missionária, 1º piso do Edifício da Biblioteca João Paulo II da Universidade Católica

 

Raymond T.  Nimmer, Director da Faculdade de Direito de Houston e Co-Director do Houston Intellectual Property and Information Law Institute e professor do LL. M. (Master of Laws) da FD| Católica proferirá uma  conferência subordinada ao tema “Digital Copyright” a ter lugar no dia 24 de Janeiro, às 18horas na Sala das Exposições, 2º piso do Edifício da Biblioteca João Paulo II da Universidade Católica.

brazil2.jpgGreenpeace activists in Brazil today chained themselves to the gates of the National Commission of Nuclear Energy (CNEN), placing a memorial plaque in tribute to the victims of the Goiânia Cesium-137 tragedy, the worst radiation accident in an urban area, in history.

Twenty years ago workers at the Goiânia scrapyard took apart a metal machine, found abandoned in an old radiotherapy institute. The scrapyard owner, fascinated by the glowing blue powder stone inside, took it home to give as presents to his family and friends. His daughter ate some, sprinkled on bread.
The stone was Cesium-137, a highly radioactive element. 60 people died, 628 were contaminated, and over 6,000 exposed to radiation, which spread so far it was found in areas 100 miles away.

A week later the junk dealer’s wife, suspicious of the sudden illnesses afflicting her friends and neighbours, went to the doctor. The diagnosis was acute radiation poisoning, for her and hundreds of others. The homes of the Cesium-137 victims had to be demolished, and their pets exterminated, 4 people died in the early days. Altogether 60 people died, among them the police and firemen left to clean up with no protection or training. Hundreds of others still live with the contamination.

See Greenpeace Brazil’s slideshow about the accident here http://www.greenpeace.org/brasil/nuclear/cesio137

20 years later the Brazilian government still refuse to recognise the victims of Goiania. CNEN the agency in charge of the Goiânia investigation, controls the Nuclear Industries of Brazil, an entirely immoral position that exposes how dangerous the situation remains.

This is why the activists took their message to CNEN today, and despite some police brutality, where some were sprayed with tear gas, they have maintained their vigil.

Cesium-137 is a devastating legacy, and yet Brazil still has no structural ability to deal with existing nuclear installations, and no way of storing radioactive waste. Unbelievably, the Brazilian government is committed to a nuclear expansion programme, pouring public funds into building a new nuclear plant the Angra 3, and into uranium enrichment.

What more will it take for the world to wake up to the dangers of nuclear power? This madness has to end, and the people of Goiânia must get justice, however belated it now is.

in Greenpeace Blog – Making Waves

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